Data Related to Natural Gas in Pakistan: Consumption, Production, Storage, Import/Exports

Natural gas plays a vital role in Pakistan’s energy sector, contributing significantly to its energy mix. This article aims to provide valuable insights into the data related to natural gas in Pakistan, including its consumption, production, storage, import, and exports. By understanding these aspects, we can gain a comprehensive understanding of Pakistan’s natural gas industry.

I. Introduction

Pakistan relies on natural gas as a crucial energy source for power generation, industrial processes, and domestic use. The country has abundant natural gas reserves, and its energy policies focus on optimizing its utilization while ensuring sustainable development.

II. Natural Gas Consumption in Pakistan

A. Growth in Natural Gas Consumption

Over the years, Pakistan’s natural gas consumption has experienced a steady increase due to the growing population, expanding industrial sector, and rising energy demands. The consumption rate has witnessed substantial growth, particularly in urban areas.

B. Major Sectors Consuming Natural Gas

Natural gas consumption in Pakistan is primarily driven by the power sector, industrial sector, and domestic consumers. The power sector accounts for a significant portion of natural gas consumption due to the use of gas-fired power plants. Industries such as textiles, fertilizers, cement, and chemicals also rely heavily on natural gas.

III. Natural Gas Production in Pakistan

A. Overview of Natural Gas Production

Pakistan possesses significant natural gas reserves, and its production has been a key focus to meet the growing demand. The country has both conventional and unconventional gas reserves. Exploration and production activities are carried out by both public and private sector companies.

B. Major Natural Gas Fields in Pakistan

Pakistan’s natural gas production comes from various fields across the country. Some of the major fields include Sui Gas Field, Mari Gas Field, Kandhkot Gas Field, Qadirpur Gas Field, and Sawan Gas Field. These fields contribute significantly to the overall natural gas production in Pakistan.

IV. Natural Gas Storage in Pakistan

A. Importance of Natural Gas Storage

Efficient storage infrastructure is essential for balancing natural gas supply and demand. It helps manage seasonal variations, unforeseen disruptions, and emergencies. Adequate storage capacity ensures a stable and reliable supply of natural gas throughout the year.

B. Storage Facilities in Pakistan

Pakistan has been focusing on developing natural gas storage facilities to enhance energy security. Major storage facilities include Sui Gas Field’s storage reservoirs, underground storage facilities in Khaskhel, Kunnar Pasakhi, and Kandhkot. These storage facilities enable Pakistan to maintain a strategic reserve of natural gas.

V. Natural Gas Import/Exports in Pakistan

A. Natural Gas Import Sources

Pakistan imports natural gas through liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals. The country has entered into agreements with various countries, including Qatar, to ensure a diversified import portfolio. These imports supplement domestic production to meet the rising demand.

B. Natural Gas Export Destinations

While Pakistan mainly relies on natural gas imports, it also explores opportunities for gas exports. The country has the potential to export natural gas to neighboring countries, including India, through pipelines. This exploration of export avenues can have positive economic implications for Pakistan.

The data related to natural gas in Pakistan, such as consumption, production, storage, import/exports, can be retrieved from various sources including government agencies, energy sector reports, and international organizations such as the Ministry of Planning, Development and Special Initiatives of the Government of Pakistan [2], CEIC Data [1], and the International Energy Agency (IEA) [3].

[1]: Pakistan Natural Gas: Imports – CEIC Data [2]: (PDF) Pakistan Energy Outlook Report (2021-2030) – ResearchGate [3]: Natural Gas Information – Data product – IEA

VI. Conclusion

In conclusion, understanding the data related to natural gas in Pakistan is crucial for comprehending the dynamics of its energy sector. Pakistan’s natural gas consumption continues to grow, driven by the power sector, industries, and domestic users. The country strives to optimize natural gas production, develop storage facilities, and diversify import sources while exploring export opportunities. These efforts aim to ensure a stable and sustainable supply of natural gas, contributing to Pakistan’s energy security and economic growth.

It is advisable to visit the PBS website directly and navigate to the Energy and Mining section to explore the publications mentioned in your instruction. You can try accessing the following links:

For data related to natural gas consumption and production, you can explore the Hydrocarbon Development Institute of Pakistan (HDIP) or the Ministry of Energy (Petroleum Division). They may provide valuable information, especially through their Energy Yearbook publication. The HDIP website can be accessed at

Regarding import and export data, the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) compiles and maintains External Trade Statistics based on the Pakistan Customs Tariff (PCT). The data related to “External Trade” is available on the PBS website from 1990-91 to 2021-2022 (HS Period, 8-Digit level, along with the Country). You can conveniently access this data using the following links:

If you encounter any difficulties or require further assistance, it is recommended to contact the respective departments or agencies directly for the most accurate and up-to-date information.


1. How much natural gas does Pakistan consume annually?

Pakistan’s annual natural gas consumption varies and depends on factors such as population growth, industrial expansion, and energy demand. However, on average, Pakistan consumes several billion cubic feet (BCF) of natural gas each year.

2. Which sector consumes the most natural gas in Pakistan?

The power sector is the largest consumer of natural gas in Pakistan. Gas-fired power plants rely on natural gas as a primary fuel source for electricity generation.

3. Are there any plans for increasing natural gas production in Pakistan?

Yes, Pakistan has plans to increase natural gas production by exploring untapped reserves, attracting foreign investment, and implementing advanced exploration technologies.

4. Can Pakistan meet its natural gas demand through domestic production alone?

While Pakistan has significant natural gas reserves, the demand continues to rise. To meet the growing demand, Pakistan relies on a combination of domestic production and imports through LNG terminals.

5. How does natural gas storage contribute to energy security in Pakistan?

Natural gas storage facilities in Pakistan help ensure a stable supply of natural gas, especially during peak demand periods, emergencies, and disruptions. These storage facilities enhance energy security by balancing supply and demand.