Data on Soybean in Pakistan: Cultivation, Yield, and Production

Soybean, a versatile legume rich in protein, has gained significant attention in Pakistan’s agricultural landscape. As the demand for protein-rich foods grows, understanding the cultivation, yield, and production of soybean becomes paramount. In this article, we delve into the data surrounding soybean in Pakistan, exploring its cultivation practices, yield trends, and overall production scenario.


Soybean (Glycine max) is a major oilseed crop globally, known for its nutritional value and various applications in industries ranging from food to biofuels. In recent years, its cultivation in Pakistan has witnessed an upward trajectory due to its adaptability to diverse agro-climatic conditions.

Cultivation Practices

Choosing Suitable Varieties

Selecting appropriate soybean varieties is crucial for optimal yield. Pakistan’s climatic conditions vary across regions, so choosing varieties that are well-suited to specific regions is essential. Varieties like “Paksoy-1” and “CIM-1100-74” have shown resilience in different agro-ecological zones.

Sowing and Planting

Soybeans are typically sown from April to June, depending on the region. Proper seedbed preparation and seeding depth are critical factors for successful germination. The recommended planting density is around 400,000 plants per hectare.

Soil and Nutrient Management

Soybeans thrive in well-drained, slightly acidic soils. Conducting soil tests to determine nutrient deficiencies and applying appropriate fertilizers can significantly enhance yield. Phosphorus and potassium are essential nutrients for soybean growth.

Pest and Disease Control

Soybeans are susceptible to various pests and diseases, such as aphids, whiteflies, and soybean rust. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies involving biological control, cultural practices, and judicious use of pesticides are recommended.

Yield Trends

Increasing Yield Potential

Over the years, efforts to enhance soybean yield have led to the development of high-yielding varieties through conventional breeding and genetic modification. These varieties exhibit traits such as disease resistance, drought tolerance, and improved yield potential.

Factors Affecting Yield

Several factors influence soybean yield in Pakistan. Climate variability, pest and disease pressure, inadequate irrigation, and suboptimal nutrient management can lead to yield fluctuations. Adopting climate-resilient agricultural practices and precision farming techniques can mitigate these challenges.

Production Scenario

National Production Figures

Pakistan’s soybean production has been gradually increasing. In 2022, the country produced approximately 45,000 metric tons of soybeans. While this is a positive trend, it is still below the domestic demand, prompting the need for import.

Regional Distribution

Soybean cultivation is concentrated in provinces like Punjab and Sindh. These regions offer suitable agro-climatic conditions for soybean growth. However, there is potential for expansion to other provinces as well.

Challenges and Opportunities

Challenges in Soybean Cultivation

Soybean cultivation in Pakistan faces challenges such as lack of awareness, limited access to quality seeds, and inconsistent market prices. Additionally, climate change impacts and water scarcity further add to the complexity.

Future Prospects

Despite challenges, soybean presents promising opportunities. Increasing demand for plant-based protein sources, rising health consciousness, and the potential for value-added products can drive the growth of soybean cultivation and processing industries.

Acquiring data on soybean cultivation, yield, and production in Pakistan

For acquiring data on soybean cultivation, yield, and production in Pakistan, you can primarily gather information from the following departments and sources:

  1. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS):
    • Agriculture Statistics Publications: These publications often include data related to crop cultivation, yield, and production, including soybean.
    • Agriculture Census Publications: Census data can provide comprehensive insights into crop production and cultivation practices.
    • Agriculture Statistics Tables: Tabulated data related to various crops, including soybean, may be available here.
    • Pakistan Statistical Year Books: These yearbooks might contain aggregated agricultural data, including soybean-related information.
  2. Ministry of National Food Security & Research:
    • The Ministry’s publications section could contain reports, studies, and statistics related to crop cultivation, yield, and production, including soybean.

It’s important to note that while these sources can provide valuable data, accessing specific soybean-related information may require careful navigation through various publications and datasets. Additionally, reaching out to relevant agricultural research institutions, universities, and extension services can also yield useful insights.

Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) for agricultural-related data, which could prove to be valuable for your specific requirements. For your convenience, we have provided direct links to these resources:

  1. Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2020
  2. Agriculture Statistics Publications
  3. Agriculture Census Publications
  4. Agriculture Statistics Tables
  5. Pakistan Statistical Yearbook 2019 (PDF)
  6. Pakistan Mouza Census 2020 Provincial Reports
  7. Agriculture Growth Rate from 2000 to 2022 in Pakistan

In addition, you may also find relevant data on the publications section of the Ministry of National Food & Security’s website:

M/o National Food & Security Publications

These sources can provide authoritative and comprehensive insights into the agricultural landscape, assisting you in your pursuit of accurate and up-to-date information.


Soybean cultivation in Pakistan is on the rise, driven by its nutritional benefits and versatile applications. With proper agronomic practices, research-driven innovations, and a focus on sustainable growth, Pakistan’s soybean sector has the potential to contribute significantly to food security and economic development.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Is soybean native to Pakistan? Soybean is not native to Pakistan; it is believed to have originated in East Asia.

2. What are the primary uses of soybean? Soybean is used for various purposes, including human consumption, animal feed, cooking oil, and industrial applications like biodiesel production.

3. Can soybean thrive in arid regions of Pakistan? Soybean cultivation can be challenging in arid regions due to water scarcity, but with proper irrigation and climate-resilient practices, it is possible.

4. How can farmers address pest issues in soybean crops? Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices, such as releasing natural predators and using resistant varieties, can help manage pests effectively.

5. Are there any government initiatives to promote soybean cultivation? Yes, some government initiatives focus on promoting soybean cultivation through research, training, and providing subsidies for quality seeds and fertilizers.