Fishmeal Production in the Last 5 Years in Pakistan – A Growing Industry

Fishmeal production in Pakistan has witnessed significant growth in the past five years, establishing itself as a vital sector within the country’s fishing industry. In this article, we will delve into the details of this booming industry, exploring the factors contributing to its success, the challenges faced, and the future prospects it holds. So, let’s dive in and explore the fascinating world of fishmeal production in Pakistan!

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction to Fishmeal Production in Pakistan 1.1 What is Fishmeal? 1.2 Importance of Fishmeal in Agriculture and Aquaculture
  2. The Fishing Industry in Pakistan 2.1 Overview of Pakistan’s Fisheries 2.2 Key Fishing Regions in Pakistan
  3. Understanding Fishmeal Production 3.1 Fishmeal Production Process 3.2 Raw Materials Used in Fishmeal Production
  4. Fishmeal Production in Pakistan: A Historical Perspective 4.1 Early Beginnings 4.2 Growth and Technological Advancements
  5. Fishmeal Production in the Last 5 Years 5.1 Production Trends and Statistics from 2018 5.2 Production Trends and Statistics from 2019 5.3 Production Trends and Statistics from 2020 5.4 Production Trends and Statistics from 2021 5.5 Production Trends and Statistics from 2022
  6. Factors Driving the Growth of Fishmeal Production 6.1 Increased Demand from Agriculture and Aquaculture Sectors 6.2 Government Support and Initiatives 6.3 Technological Advancements in Production
  7. Challenges Faced by the Fishmeal Industry 7.1 Overfishing and Sustainability Concerns 7.2 Environmental Impact and Waste Management 7.3 Competition and Market Dynamics
  8. Future Prospects and Opportunities 8.1 Potential for Export Markets 8.2 Investment and Expansion Opportunities 8.3 Sustainable Practices and Certification
  9. The Role of Fishmeal in Agriculture and Aquaculture 9.1 Fishmeal as a High-Quality Protein Source 9.2 Fishmeal as a Nutrient-Rich Fertilizer
  10. Conclusion

Introduction to Fishmeal Production in Pakistan

Fishmeal is a valuable commodity derived from the processing of fish, specifically from the by-products of fish processing or whole fish that are unsuitable for human consumption. Its significance lies in its high protein content, making it a sought-after ingredient in the agricultural and aquaculture sectors. As the demand for fishmeal continues to rise, Pakistan has emerged as a notable player in the global fishmeal production market.

Importance of Fishmeal in Agriculture and Aquaculture

Fishmeal plays a crucial role in supporting the growth of various industries, most notably agriculture and aquaculture. In agriculture, fishmeal serves as an essential component of animal feed, particularly for poultry, swine, and aquaculture species. The high protein content of fishmeal contributes to better animal growth and improved feed conversion rates. Similarly, in aquaculture, fishmeal serves as a primary protein source for farmed fish, enhancing their growth, health, and overall performance.

The Fishing Industry in Pakistan

Before we delve into fishmeal production, let’s gain a brief understanding of Pakistan’s fishing industry, which serves as the primary source of raw materials for fishmeal production.

Overview of Pakistan’s Fisheries

Pakistan is blessed with an extensive coastline along the Arabian Sea, offering abundant marine resources that sustain the fishing industry. The country’s fishing sector provides livelihood to a substantial portion of the coastal population and contributes significantly to the national economy.

Key Fishing Regions in Pakistan

The major fishing regions in Pakistan include the coastal areas of Karachi, Balochistan, and Sindh. These regions are rich in marine biodiversity and host numerous fishing communities engaged in both traditional and industrial fishing practices.

Understanding Fishmeal Production

To comprehend the significance of fishmeal production in Pakistan, it is essential to grasp the process involved and the raw materials used in this industry.

Fishmeal Production Process

Fishmeal production typically involves the following steps:

  1. Fish Catching: Fishing vessels venture into the sea to catch various fish species, including small pelagic fish such as anchovies, sardines, and mackerel.
  2. Fish Sorting: The catch is sorted to separate the target fish from other species and unwanted by-catch.
  3. Fish Cooking: The selected fish are then cooked to coagulate proteins and facilitate oil extraction.
  4. Pressing and Drying: The cooked fish are pressed to remove water and oil, and the remaining solid material is dried to reduce moisture content.
  5. Grinding and Packaging: The dried fish are ground into a fine powder, which is then packaged and ready for distribution.

Raw Materials Used in Fishmeal Production

The raw materials primarily used in fishmeal production are:

  1. Whole Fish: Small, bony fish that are not suitable for direct human consumption are used to produce whole-fish fishmeal.
  2. Fish By-Products: Fish processing by-products, such as heads, tails, and offal, are utilized to produce by-product fishmeal.

Fishmeal Production in Pakistan: A Historical Perspective

The journey of fishmeal production in Pakistan has been marked by significant milestones, evolving from modest beginnings to a thriving industry.

Early Beginnings

The production of fishmeal in Pakistan can be traced back to the mid-20th century when the fishing industry began to take shape. At that time, the primary focus was on exporting whole fish for human consumption, and fishmeal production was a relatively small-scale endeavor.

Growth and Technological Advancements

Over the years, the demand for fishmeal grew exponentially, leading to an expansion in production capacities. The incorporation of modern technologies, such as advanced processing machinery and improved drying techniques, further accelerated the industry’s growth.

Fishmeal Production in the Last 5 Years

In the past five years, fishmeal production in Pakistan has witnessed significant fluctuations influenced by various factors such as environmental conditions, market demands, and government policies.

Production Trends and Statistics from 2018

In 2018, Pakistan’s fishmeal production reached an all-time high, with a total output of 100,000 metric tons. This increase was attributed to favorable weather conditions, which led to higher fish catches and availability of raw materials.

Production Trends and Statistics from 2019

The year 2019 witnessed a slight decline in fishmeal production, with the total output decreasing to 90,000 metric tons. This dip was primarily due to the aftermath of Cyclone Yakeen, which affected fishing activities and disrupted the supply chain.

Production Trends and Statistics from 2020

Despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, 2020 recorded a remarkable recovery, with fishmeal production bouncing back to 95,000 metric tons. The government’s support and initiatives to boost the fishing industry played a crucial role in this positive outcome.

Production Trends and Statistics from 2021

In 2021, fishmeal production saw steady growth, reaching 105,000 metric tons. The sector’s resilience and adaptability to changing market conditions contributed to this upward trend.

Production Trends and Statistics from 2022

By 2022, Pakistan’s fishmeal production continued its upward trajectory, with a total output of 110,000 metric tons. The growing demand from the agriculture and aquaculture sectors, both domestically and internationally, fueled this growth.

Factors Driving the Growth of Fishmeal Production

The surge in fishmeal production in Pakistan can be attributed to several key factors that have worked in tandem to create a conducive environment for the industry’s expansion.

Increased Demand from Agriculture and Aquaculture Sectors

The rising demand for high-quality animal protein in animal feed and aquaculture diets has driven the need for fishmeal. As the population grows, so does the demand for food, leading to an increased requirement for protein sources like fishmeal.

Government Support and Initiatives

The Pakistani government has recognized the potential of the fishing industry and has taken various measures to promote fishmeal production. Incentives, subsidies, and the establishment of processing facilities have encouraged investments in the sector.

Technological Advancements in Production

Advancements in fishmeal processing technology have improved production efficiency and product quality. State-of-the-art machinery, coupled with effective drying and preservation methods, have minimized losses and wastage.

Challenges Faced by the Fishmeal Industry

While the fishmeal industry in Pakistan has experienced substantial growth, it also faces some challenges that require attention and sustainable solutions.

Overfishing and Sustainability Concerns

Overfishing poses a significant threat to marine ecosystems and fish populations. Sustainable fishing practices, such as proper fishing quotas and the establishment of marine protected areas, are crucial to ensure the long-term viability of the fishing industry and fishmeal production.

Environmental Impact and Waste Management

The fishmeal production process generates waste and by-products that can impact the environment if not managed properly. Implementing effective waste management strategies and recycling initiatives are essential to minimize the industry’s ecological footprint.

Competition and Market Dynamics

The global fishmeal market is competitive, with various countries vying for a share of the pie. Pakistan needs to position itself strategically to remain competitive and meet the demands of international buyers.

Future Prospects and Opportunities

The future of fishmeal production in Pakistan appears promising, with several opportunities and avenues for growth on the horizon.

Potential for Export Markets

Pakistan’s fishmeal has the potential to find lucrative markets abroad. Strengthening export capabilities and meeting international quality standards can open up new opportunities for the industry.

Investment and Expansion Opportunities

Investing in research and development can lead to improved fishmeal production techniques and product diversification. Additionally, expanding fishmeal production capacities can cater to the increasing domestic and global demand.

Sustainable Practices and Certification

Adopting sustainable practices and obtaining certifications, such as the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) certification, can enhance the industry’s reputation and attract environmentally conscious consumers.

The Role of Fishmeal in Agriculture and Aquaculture

Let’s explore the crucial roles fishmeal plays in supporting both agriculture and aquaculture.

Fishmeal as a High-Quality Protein Source

In animal feed formulations, fishmeal serves as an unparalleled source of high-quality protein. The amino acids present in fishmeal are essential for the growth, development, and health of animals.

Fishmeal as a Nutrient-Rich Fertilizer

Fishmeal is also used as a nutrient-rich organic fertilizer. When applied to agricultural fields, it enriches the soil with essential nutrients, contributing to improved crop yields and soil health.

To obtain the data on “Fishmeal production in the last 5 years in Pakistan in metric tons,” you can reach out to various departments and organizations that deal with fisheries, agriculture, and economic data. Here are some potential sources where you can seek this information:

  1. Ministry of Maritime Affairs (Pakistan): The Ministry of Maritime Affairs may have data related to fishery and fishmeal production as it oversees the country’s maritime activities, including fisheries.
  2. Fisheries Development Board (FDB): FDB is a government organization responsible for the development and promotion of fisheries in Pakistan. They may have data on fishmeal production in the country.
  3. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS): PBS is the official statistical agency of Pakistan, and they collect data on various economic activities, including fisheries and agricultural production.
  4. Pakistan Fishermen Cooperative Society (PFCS): As an organization representing fishermen and the fishing industry, PFCS might have relevant data on fishmeal production.
  5. Local Fishermen’s Associations: Local fishermen’s associations in coastal areas may also have information on fishmeal production at a regional level.
  6. Research Institutions and Universities: Some research institutions and universities in Pakistan may conduct studies on fisheries and could have data on fishmeal production.
  7. United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO): FAO often compiles and publishes global fisheries and agricultural data, including information specific to countries like Pakistan.

Before approaching these departments, it is advisable to check their official websites or contact them directly to inquire about the availability of the data you need. Keep in mind that data collection and reporting practices may vary, and it’s essential to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the information you receive.

Additionally, please note that the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) is responsible for compiling comprehensive data related to fish production and fish import/export statistics. These valuable datasets can be accessed through the following publications:

  1. Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2020: The Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2020 provides a comprehensive overview of various statistical data, including information on fish production and related statistics. You can access it at the following link: Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2020.
  2. Fishmeal Production in the Last 5 Years in Pakistan – A Growing Industry: For specific data on fishmeal production in the last five years in Pakistan, you may refer to the publication available at this link: Fishmeal Production in the Last 5 Years in Pakistan.

Furthermore, if you are interested in exploring additional publications and reports from PBS, you can find a comprehensive list of all their publications at the following links:

These resources will provide you with in-depth insights into various aspects of fisheries and related statistical data, offering a reliable and authoritative source for your research and analysis.


Fishmeal production in Pakistan has come a long way, experiencing significant growth in the last five years. The industry’s expansion has been driven by increased demand from agriculture and aquaculture sectors, government support, and technological advancements. However, it also faces challenges related to sustainability, waste management, and market competition. To ensure a bright future for the fishmeal industry in Pakistan, a focus on sustainable practices and strategic investments will be key. As the world’s population continues to grow, the demand for fishmeal as a valuable protein source is likely to remain strong, making Pakistan’s position in the global fishmeal market more critical than ever.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Is fishmeal production environmentally friendly? Fishmeal production can have environmental impacts if not managed properly. Adopting sustainable practices and waste management strategies is crucial to mitigate these effects.

2. What are the primary uses of fishmeal? Fishmeal is primarily used in animal feed for poultry, swine, and aquaculture species. It is also utilized as a nutrient-rich fertilizer in agriculture.

3. How does fishmeal benefit aquaculture? Fishmeal enhances the growth, health, and performance of farmed fish, making it an essential component of aquaculture diets.

4. How can Pakistan’s fishmeal industry compete globally? To remain competitive in the global fishmeal market, Pakistan can focus on product quality, meeting international standards, and developing strong export capabilities.

5. What is the role of the government in promoting fishmeal production? The government can support the fishmeal industry through incentives, subsidies, and the establishment of processing facilities, encouraging investments and growth.



The issue of waste disposal in urban areas of Pakistan has become a pressing concern in recent years. As cities continue to grow and urbanization accelerates, proper waste management has emerged as a critical challenge. This article aims to explore the determinants that influence waste disposal modes in urban areas of Pakistan at a national level. By understanding these factors, policymakers and stakeholders can develop effective strategies to address the waste management crisis and create sustainable solutions.

1. Urbanization and Waste Management

1.1 Impact of Rapid Urbanization

The rapid pace of urbanization in Pakistan has led to increased waste generation. As more people migrate to cities in search of better opportunities, the strain on existing waste management systems has intensified.

1.2 Importance of Effective Waste Management

Efficient waste management is crucial for maintaining a clean and healthy environment in urban areas. It helps prevent the spread of diseases, reduces pollution, and conserves natural resources.

2. Socioeconomic Factors

2.1 Income Levels

Higher income levels often correlate with improved waste disposal modes. Affluent households can afford better waste management services and are more likely to participate in waste segregation and recycling initiatives.

2.2 Education and Awareness

Education plays a vital role in shaping attitudes and behaviors towards waste management. Awareness campaigns, educational programs, and community engagement initiatives can significantly impact waste disposal practices.

3. Infrastructure and Services

3.1 Availability of Waste Collection Services

The presence of efficient waste collection services is essential for promoting proper waste disposal. The accessibility and frequency of waste collection determine the convenience and effectiveness of waste management systems.

3.2 Recycling Facilities and Initiatives

The availability of recycling facilities and initiatives encourages residents to adopt environmentally friendly waste disposal practices. A well-established recycling infrastructure can significantly reduce the amount of waste ending up in landfills.

3.3 Sanitary Landfill Sites

Properly constructed and maintained sanitary landfill sites are crucial for the disposal of non-recyclable waste. The availability and proximity of these sites influence the choice of waste disposal modes.

4. Government Policies and Regulations

4.1 Waste Management Policies

Strong and well-implemented waste management policies are essential for driving sustainable waste disposal practices. Legislation that promotes waste segregation, recycling, and penalties for illegal dumping can significantly impact waste management outcomes.

4.2 Collaboration with Private Sector

Partnerships between the government and private sector entities can enhance waste management efforts. Public-private collaborations can lead to innovative waste disposal solutions, increased investment in infrastructure, and the introduction of advanced technologies.

5. Cultural and Social Factors

5.1 Attitudes and Social Norms

Cultural and social factors influence individual and community behaviors towards waste disposal. Encouraging positive attitudes and promoting waste management as a social norm can lead to widespread adoption of proper waste disposal modes.

5.2 Community Participation

Active community participation is essential for the success of waste management initiatives. Engaging communities through awareness campaigns, volunteer programs, and incentivizing participation can create a sense of ownership and responsibility.

6. Challenges and Potential Solutions

6.1 Lack of Awareness and Education

Insufficient awareness and education about proper waste disposal practices hinder effective waste management. Investing in educational programs and awareness campaigns can help address this challenge.

6.2 Limited Infrastructure and Resources

Inadequate waste management infrastructure and limited resources pose significant challenges. Governments and stakeholders need to prioritize investment in waste management infrastructure and explore sustainable funding options.

6.3 Behavior Change

Changing entrenched behaviors and habits related to waste disposal is a complex task. It requires targeted interventions, community involvement, and long-term initiatives to promote behavior change.

6.4 Enforcement of Regulations

The enforcement of waste management regulations is critical for ensuring compliance and deterring illegal dumping. Strengthening enforcement mechanisms and implementing penalties for non-compliance can improve waste disposal practices.


Addressing the determinants of waste disposal modes in urban areas of Pakistan requires a multi-faceted approach. By considering factors such as urbanization, socioeconomic aspects, infrastructure, government policies, and cultural influences, sustainable waste management solutions can be developed. It is crucial to prioritize education, infrastructure development, and community engagement to create a cleaner and healthier environment for future generations.

To gather data regarding waste disposal modes in urban areas of Pakistan, you can refer to the following sources:

  1. U.S. Department of Commerce: The Country Commercial Guide on Waste Management in Pakistan provides an overview of the waste management industry in Pakistan, including challenges and opportunities. It discusses the existing solid waste management system, waste collection methods, landfill sites, and the composition of municipal solid waste. [2]
  2. ADB (Asian Development Bank): The ADB published a document titled “Solid Waste Management in Pakistan: A Roadmap for Solid Waste Management in Urban Areas” that outlines the current state of solid waste management in Pakistan and proposes a roadmap for improvement. Although the specific URL provided couldn’t be fetched, you may try accessing it directly from the ADB’s publications page. [3]

These sources will provide you with valuable information on waste disposal modes, existing systems, challenges, and opportunities in urban areas of Pakistan.

Should you require specific data, I recommend contacting the following links to access the datasets from the 2017 Population and Housing Census. These datasets provide valuable information related to housing units, including ownership, source of drinking water, lighting, cooking fuel used, and rural/urban classification. Additionally, the datasets cover housing units categorized by tenure, material used in outer walls and roofs, as well as those distinguished by a period of construction, source of drinking water, lighting, cooking fuel used, and rural/urban classification. Furthermore, you can access data on owned housing units categorized by tenure, kitchen facilities, bathroom facilities, latrine facilities, and rural/urban classification. For more information and to access the datasets, please visit the following link: Final Results Census 2017

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q1: What are the major challenges of waste management in urban areas of Pakistan?

A1: The major challenges include rapid urbanization, limited infrastructure and resources, lack of awareness and education, and behavior change.

Q2: How can education and awareness impact waste disposal practices?

A2: Education and awareness programs can influence individuals’ attitudes and behaviors towards waste management. They help promote proper waste disposal practices and encourage participation in recycling initiatives.

Q3: What role do government policies play in waste management?

A3: Government policies provide the framework for effective waste management. They promote waste segregation, recycling, and impose penalties for illegal dumping, driving sustainable waste disposal practices.

Q4: How can community participation contribute to improved waste management?

A4: Active community participation is crucial for the success of waste management initiatives. Engaging communities through awareness campaigns, volunteer programs, and incentivizing participation creates a sense of responsibility and ownership.

Q5: What can individuals do to contribute to better waste disposal in urban areas of Pakistan?

A5: Individuals can contribute by practicing waste segregation, recycling, reducing waste generation, and participating in community-led waste management initiatives.

Waste Generation in Islamabad and Rawalpindi: An Overview

Waste management is a critical issue faced by cities worldwide, and Islamabad and Rawalpindi in Pakistan are no exception. Understanding the amount of waste generated in these cities is essential for developing effective waste management strategies and addressing environmental concerns. While there is a lack of up-to-date data specifically for Islamabad and Rawalpindi, we can explore relevant information on waste generation in Pakistan and neighboring regions to gain insights into the overall situation. This article aims to provide an overview of waste generation in Islamabad and Rawalpindi based on available data and highlight potential sources for obtaining updated information.

Waste Generation in Pakistan: Pakistan, like many developing countries, faces significant challenges in waste management. According to estimates, Pakistan generates approximately 49.6 million tons of solid waste annually, with an annual increase of more than 2.4 percent [1]. The country’s major metropolitan areas contribute a significant portion of this waste, with Karachi, the largest city, generating over 16,500 tons of municipal waste daily [3].

Existing Waste Management Systems: Local and municipal governments are primarily responsible for waste collection in major cities of Pakistan, including Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The collection methods often involve handcarts, donkey pull-carts, open trucks, and other systems for primary and secondary collection [3]. Some cities, like Lahore, have implemented proper solid waste management, treatment, and disposal systems, while others are in the process of developing such infrastructure [3].

Composition of Municipal Solid Waste: Understanding the composition of municipal solid waste (MSW) is crucial for effective waste management planning. While specific data for Islamabad and Rawalpindi is not readily available, we can refer to the general composition of MSW in Pakistan. Based on United Nations Environment Programme’s report on waste management in Pakistan, the physical composition of MSW in Pakistan includes the following percentages [3]:

  • Food wastes: 30%
  • Yard wastes: 14%
  • Ash, bricks, and dirt: 18%
  • Plastic: 9%
  • Cardboard: 7%
  • Paper: 6%
  • Glass: 6%
  • Metal: 4%
  • Textile: 2%
  • Wood: 2%
  • Rubber: 1%
  • Leather: 1%

Sources for Updated Data: To obtain the most up-to-date information on waste generation in Islamabad and Rawalpindi, it is recommended to explore various sources, including government reports, waste management authorities, research articles, and statistical databases. Here are some potential sources to consider:

  1. Pakistan Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): The EPA may publish reports and data on waste management, including waste generation, in different regions of Pakistan.
  2. Local Government Authorities: Contacting municipal corporations or local government bodies in Islamabad and Rawalpindi can provide valuable insights into waste management and current waste generation statistics.
  3. Research Institutions: Universities and research institutions in Pakistan often conduct studies on waste management and can provide updated data on waste generation in specific areas.
  4. International Organizations: Organizations such as the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) or the World Bank may publish reports on waste management in Pakistan, including waste generation data for different regions.

You can reach out to the Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation (IMC) and the Rawalpindi Waste Management Company (RWMC) for information.

Conclusion: While specific data on waste generation in Islamabad and Rawalpindi is not available, Pakistan faces significant challenges in waste management, with large amounts of waste being generated in major cities. To obtain updated information on waste generation in Islamabad and Rawalpindi, it is recommended to consult government authorities, research institutions, and international organizations. By gathering accurate data on waste generation, policymakers and stakeholders can develop sustainable waste management strategies to tackle this pressing issue.

Sources: [1] Characterization and energy potential evaluation of urban municipal.