Energy Consumption and CO2 Emission in Pakistan


Energy consumption and CO2 emissions have become prominent subjects in the study of economic activities and their impact on the environment. As countries strive for economic growth, the increase in energy consumption and its related CO2 emissions has raised concerns about sustainability and environmental damage. This blog post will explore the energy consumption and CO2 emission trends in Pakistan, highlighting the importance of understanding these dynamics for sustainable development.

Energy Consumption in Pakistan:

Pakistan’s economy heavily relies on energy to support various sectors such as industry, transportation, and residential needs. However, the country has faced persistent electricity shortages over the past two decades, resulting in a significant gap between demand and supply [1]. This challenge has hindered economic progress and development. The Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) provides valuable publications and statistics related to energy and mining, which can be explored to understand the energy consumption trends [1][2][3][4]. Additionally, the Pakistan Energy Yearbook published by the Hydro Carbon Institute of Pakistan (HDIP) offers comprehensive insights into the energy sector, and it is available for purchase in both hard copy and PDF format [5].

The Pakistan Energy Yearbook published by the Hydro Carbon Institute of Pakistan (HDIP) is available for sale. You can purchase the yearbook in both hard copy and soft copy (PDF format). Here are the details:

  • National Clients:
    • Price of hard copy: Rs. 2,000/- per copy (excluding shipment charges & sales tax)
    • Price of soft copy (PDF format): Rs. 5,000/- per edition
  • International Clients:
    • Price of hard copy and soft copy: USD 50.00 per edition (excluding shipment charges & sales tax)

To purchase the yearbook, you can make the payment through online or cash payment, pay order, or bank draft. The payment should be payable to HDIP, Pakistan Journal of Hydrocarbon Research. Here are the payment details:

Account Title: HDIP, Pakistan Journal of Hydrocarbon Research Account No: 4019574424 Bank: National Bank of Pakistan Branch: Corporate Branch # 0854, Super Market (F-6), Islamabad Swift Code (for wire transfer): NBPAPKKASMB IBAN No: PK16NBPA0854004019574424

If you choose to make an online payment, please provide a scanned copy of the bank transaction receipt via email at You can collect the required number of yearbooks in person or through authorized representatives from HDIP at the following addresses:

  1. Hydrocarbon Development Institute of Pakistan, Head Office:
    • Address: Plot 18, Street 6, H-9/1, Islamabad
    • Tel: +92-51-443 6865
    • Email:
  2. Hydrocarbon Development Institute of Pakistan, Karachi Laboratories Complex:
    • Address: St-3, Sector-47, Near Pakistan Refinery Limited Korangi Creek, Karachi-75400
    • Phone: +(92-21) 350 93807 / 350 90834
    • Email:

You can find more information about the Pakistan Energy Yearbook and HDIP on the HDIP website [1]. Please note that the Ministry of Energy (Petroleum Division) website seems to be unavailable at the moment [3].

CO2 Emission in Pakistan:

Unfortunately, the PBS does not possess the requested data or statistics on CO2 emissions [1]. However, Our World in Data provides country profiles on energy and CO2 emissions, including Pakistan. These profiles offer valuable information and visualizations related to energy consumption, renewable energy, and CO2 emissions [6][7].

The Nexus Between Energy Consumption and CO2 Emissions:

Numerous studies have emphasized the link between energy consumption and CO2 emissions, particularly in developing nations like Pakistan. Economic growth and development significantly contribute to increased energy demand, often met by fossil fuel-based sources. These energy sources, such as coal, oil, and gas, are major contributors to CO2 emissions [1]. Additionally, exchange rate dynamics can influence energy consumption and CO2 emissions by affecting industrial production and export expansion [2]. Understanding these dynamics is crucial for developing sustainable strategies that balance economic growth with environmental preservation.

Towards Carbon Neutrality:

In recent years, the global focus has shifted towards achieving carbon neutrality and reducing GHG emissions. Pakistan, like many other countries, faces the challenge of aligning its economic activities with carbon neutrality targets. Information and communication technology (ICT) play a significant role in minimizing CO2 emissions by promoting smart cities, intelligent electrical grids, and upgraded transportation systems [3]. Exploring innovative approaches that leverage ICT to reduce emissions while fostering economic growth is essential for Pakistan’s sustainable future.


Energy consumption and CO2 emissions are critical aspects of Pakistan’s economic and environmental landscape. Understanding the trends, challenges, and potential solutions in this realm is vital for achieving sustainable development goals. By exploring the provided publications and resources, policymakers, researchers, and the general public can gain valuable insights into Pakistan’s energy consumption and work towards a greener and more sustainable future.

I can provide you with information and resources on energy consumption and CO2 emissions in Pakistan. Here are some relevant sources you can refer to:

  1. Our World in Data – Energy Country Profile: Our World in Data provides comprehensive data on energy consumption and sources for different countries, including Pakistan. You can find information on energy consumption per capita and access various charts and interactive tools to analyze the data. The website also offers comparisons with other countries and tracks progress on decarbonizing the energy mix. You can explore the energy data for Pakistan on the Our World in Data website [1].
  2. Our World in Data – CO2 Country Profile: If you are specifically interested in CO2 emissions in Pakistan, Our World in Data also provides a CO2 country profile. This resource offers data on per capita CO2 emissions, annual CO2 emissions, year-on-year changes, cumulative emissions, consumption-based accounting, and Pakistan’s share of global CO2 emissions. You can access the data and charts on the Our World in Data website [2].
  3. International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA): IRENA provides statistical profiles for different countries, including Pakistan. Although I couldn’t access the specific link you provided, the IRENA website offers valuable insights into renewable energy statistics, including generation capacity, renewable energy consumption, and policies in Pakistan. You can visit the IRENA website and explore their resources on Pakistan’s energy profile [3].

These sources should provide you with comprehensive data and insights into energy consumption and CO2 emissions in Pakistan. Make sure to visit the respective websites to access the detailed information and explore the interactive tools they offer.


  1. Modelling the nexus of carbon dioxide emissions, economic …
  2. Exchange Rate Dynamics, Energy Consumption, and Sustainable …
  3. To Achieve Carbon Neutrality Targets in Pakistan: New …
  4. Trends in Electricity Generation 2006-07 to 2020-21
  5. Pakistan Energy Yearbook – Hydro Carbon Institute of Pakistan (HDIP)
  6. Our World in Data – Energy Country Profile: Pakistan
  7. Our World in Data – CO2 Country Profile: Pakistan

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