Data on Soybean in Pakistan: Cultivation, Yield, and Production

Soybean, a versatile legume rich in protein, has gained significant attention in Pakistan’s agricultural landscape. As the demand for protein-rich foods grows, understanding the cultivation, yield, and production of soybean becomes paramount. In this article, we delve into the data surrounding soybean in Pakistan, exploring its cultivation practices, yield trends, and overall production scenario.


Soybean (Glycine max) is a major oilseed crop globally, known for its nutritional value and various applications in industries ranging from food to biofuels. In recent years, its cultivation in Pakistan has witnessed an upward trajectory due to its adaptability to diverse agro-climatic conditions.

Cultivation Practices

Choosing Suitable Varieties

Selecting appropriate soybean varieties is crucial for optimal yield. Pakistan’s climatic conditions vary across regions, so choosing varieties that are well-suited to specific regions is essential. Varieties like “Paksoy-1” and “CIM-1100-74” have shown resilience in different agro-ecological zones.

Sowing and Planting

Soybeans are typically sown from April to June, depending on the region. Proper seedbed preparation and seeding depth are critical factors for successful germination. The recommended planting density is around 400,000 plants per hectare.

Soil and Nutrient Management

Soybeans thrive in well-drained, slightly acidic soils. Conducting soil tests to determine nutrient deficiencies and applying appropriate fertilizers can significantly enhance yield. Phosphorus and potassium are essential nutrients for soybean growth.

Pest and Disease Control

Soybeans are susceptible to various pests and diseases, such as aphids, whiteflies, and soybean rust. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) strategies involving biological control, cultural practices, and judicious use of pesticides are recommended.

Yield Trends

Increasing Yield Potential

Over the years, efforts to enhance soybean yield have led to the development of high-yielding varieties through conventional breeding and genetic modification. These varieties exhibit traits such as disease resistance, drought tolerance, and improved yield potential.

Factors Affecting Yield

Several factors influence soybean yield in Pakistan. Climate variability, pest and disease pressure, inadequate irrigation, and suboptimal nutrient management can lead to yield fluctuations. Adopting climate-resilient agricultural practices and precision farming techniques can mitigate these challenges.

Production Scenario

National Production Figures

Pakistan’s soybean production has been gradually increasing. In 2022, the country produced approximately 45,000 metric tons of soybeans. While this is a positive trend, it is still below the domestic demand, prompting the need for import.

Regional Distribution

Soybean cultivation is concentrated in provinces like Punjab and Sindh. These regions offer suitable agro-climatic conditions for soybean growth. However, there is potential for expansion to other provinces as well.

Challenges and Opportunities

Challenges in Soybean Cultivation

Soybean cultivation in Pakistan faces challenges such as lack of awareness, limited access to quality seeds, and inconsistent market prices. Additionally, climate change impacts and water scarcity further add to the complexity.

Future Prospects

Despite challenges, soybean presents promising opportunities. Increasing demand for plant-based protein sources, rising health consciousness, and the potential for value-added products can drive the growth of soybean cultivation and processing industries.

Acquiring data on soybean cultivation, yield, and production in Pakistan

For acquiring data on soybean cultivation, yield, and production in Pakistan, you can primarily gather information from the following departments and sources:

  1. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS):
    • Agriculture Statistics Publications: These publications often include data related to crop cultivation, yield, and production, including soybean.
    • Agriculture Census Publications: Census data can provide comprehensive insights into crop production and cultivation practices.
    • Agriculture Statistics Tables: Tabulated data related to various crops, including soybean, may be available here.
    • Pakistan Statistical Year Books: These yearbooks might contain aggregated agricultural data, including soybean-related information.
  2. Ministry of National Food Security & Research:
    • The Ministry’s publications section could contain reports, studies, and statistics related to crop cultivation, yield, and production, including soybean.

It’s important to note that while these sources can provide valuable data, accessing specific soybean-related information may require careful navigation through various publications and datasets. Additionally, reaching out to relevant agricultural research institutions, universities, and extension services can also yield useful insights.

Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) for agricultural-related data, which could prove to be valuable for your specific requirements. For your convenience, we have provided direct links to these resources:

  1. Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2020
  2. Agriculture Statistics Publications
  3. Agriculture Census Publications
  4. Agriculture Statistics Tables
  5. Pakistan Statistical Yearbook 2019 (PDF)
  6. Pakistan Mouza Census 2020 Provincial Reports
  7. Agriculture Growth Rate from 2000 to 2022 in Pakistan

In addition, you may also find relevant data on the publications section of the Ministry of National Food & Security’s website:

M/o National Food & Security Publications

These sources can provide authoritative and comprehensive insights into the agricultural landscape, assisting you in your pursuit of accurate and up-to-date information.


Soybean cultivation in Pakistan is on the rise, driven by its nutritional benefits and versatile applications. With proper agronomic practices, research-driven innovations, and a focus on sustainable growth, Pakistan’s soybean sector has the potential to contribute significantly to food security and economic development.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. Is soybean native to Pakistan? Soybean is not native to Pakistan; it is believed to have originated in East Asia.

2. What are the primary uses of soybean? Soybean is used for various purposes, including human consumption, animal feed, cooking oil, and industrial applications like biodiesel production.

3. Can soybean thrive in arid regions of Pakistan? Soybean cultivation can be challenging in arid regions due to water scarcity, but with proper irrigation and climate-resilient practices, it is possible.

4. How can farmers address pest issues in soybean crops? Integrated Pest Management (IPM) practices, such as releasing natural predators and using resistant varieties, can help manage pests effectively.

5. Are there any government initiatives to promote soybean cultivation? Yes, some government initiatives focus on promoting soybean cultivation through research, training, and providing subsidies for quality seeds and fertilizers.

Sweet Potato Production in Pakistan: A 22-Year Analysis (2000-2022)

Hey there, fellow food enthusiasts! If you’ve ever wondered about the humble yet delicious sweet potato and how it fares in Pakistan, you’ve come to the right place! In this article, we’ll delve into the intriguing world of sweet potato production in Pakistan, focusing on the crucial aspects of area, production, and yield for the period spanning from 2000 to 2022. So, let’s dig in and uncover the fascinating story behind this versatile and nutrient-packed root vegetable!

1. Introduction: The Sweet Potato Sensation

Before we dive into the numbers, let’s take a moment to appreciate the sweet potato and its significance in Pakistani agriculture and cuisine. Sweet potatoes, scientifically known as Ipomoea batatas, are not only a delightful treat for our taste buds but also a vital crop for farmers in Pakistan. This versatile vegetable is rich in essential nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and fiber, making it a popular choice for health-conscious individuals. Now, let’s explore the data that sheds light on its production trends over the past 22 years.

2. Understanding Sweet Potato Farming in Pakistan

2.1. The Cultivation Landscape

To comprehend the sweet potato’s journey in Pakistan, we must first understand the cultivation landscape. Sweet potatoes are primarily grown in regions with a suitable climate, including Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, and Balochistan. The tropical and subtropical climate of these provinces provides an ideal environment for sweet potato cultivation.

2.2. Varieties of Sweet Potato Cultivated

Diving deeper into the world of sweet potato farming, it’s essential to explore the different varieties cultivated in Pakistan. Among the popular varieties are Evangeline, Georgia Jet, and Beauregard, each offering unique taste and nutritional profiles. These varieties have contributed significantly to the overall production figures.

3. Analyzing Sweet Potato Production Data

3.1. Area Under Sweet Potato Cultivation

The first piece of the puzzle we’ll explore is the total area dedicated to sweet potato cultivation. It’s interesting to see how this has evolved over the years, impacting production levels and meeting consumer demand.

3.2. Total Sweet Potato Production

With the area of cultivation in mind, let’s look at the total production figures for sweet potatoes in Pakistan. This data will give us a clearer picture of how the country’s overall sweet potato output has changed during the specified period.

3.3. Sweet Potato Yield Trends

Equally vital as the total production figures is the yield data. Yield refers to the amount of sweet potatoes produced per unit area of land. Analyzing this data helps us understand the efficiency and productivity of sweet potato farming practices in Pakistan.

4. Factors Influencing Sweet Potato Production

4.1. Climatic Conditions and Agricultural Practices

The climatic conditions and agricultural practices adopted by farmers play a significant role in determining sweet potato production. Changes in these factors can lead to fluctuations in both yield and total production.

4.2. Technological Advancements in Farming

Advancements in farming technologies, such as improved irrigation systems and pest control methods, have the potential to enhance sweet potato production in the country.

4.3. Market Demand and Export Potential

The demand for sweet potatoes in local and international markets also influences production decisions. Understanding market trends can help farmers make informed choices and potentially increase sweet potato cultivation.

5. Challenges and Opportunities

5.1. Pest and Disease Management

As with any agricultural endeavor, sweet potato farming faces challenges related to pests and diseases. Identifying effective management strategies is crucial to ensure a healthy and sustainable crop.

5.2. Farmer Training and Knowledge Transfer

Empowering farmers with knowledge and training in modern agricultural practices can open up new opportunities and boost sweet potato production in Pakistan.

5.3. Infrastructure and Transportation

The availability of proper infrastructure and transportation channels is vital for the smooth distribution of sweet potatoes to various markets, both domestically and internationally.

6. Government Initiatives and Support

6.1. Agricultural Subsidies and Incentive Programs

The Pakistani government has implemented various agricultural subsidies and incentive programs to support farmers, including those involved in sweet potato cultivation.

6.2. Research and Development Efforts

Investments in research and development have the potential to improve sweet potato varieties, increase yields, and address production challenges.

6.3. Export Promotion Policies

Exploring export promotion policies can enable the country to tap into the international market and expand its sweet potato export potential.

7. Future Outlook for Sweet Potato Production

As we wrap up our journey through the data on sweet potato production in Pakistan, it’s time to look ahead. The future seems promising for sweet potato farming, with ample opportunities for growth, development, and increased sustainability.

To obtain data on the area, production, and yield of sweet potatoes for the specified period (2000-2022) in Pakistan, you can reach out to the following departments or organizations:

  1. Ministry of National Food Security and Research: This ministry is responsible for overseeing agricultural matters in Pakistan and may have comprehensive data on sweet potato production.
  2. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS): PBS collects and compiles various statistical data, including agricultural production, which may include information on sweet potatoes.
  3. Agricultural Departments of Provinces: Each province in Pakistan has its own agricultural department, which gathers and maintains data on crop production, including sweet potatoes.
  4. Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC): PARC conducts research and provides technical support for agriculture. They might have data on sweet potato production trends.
  5. Pakistan Meteorological Department (PMD): PMD tracks weather and climate-related data, which can influence agricultural production, including sweet potatoes.
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO): FAO is a global organization that might have data on agricultural production in various countries, including Pakistan.
  7. International Potato Center (CIP): CIP focuses on research and development related to potatoes and sweet potatoes and could provide valuable data.
  8. Agricultural Universities and Research Institutes: Universities and research institutes specializing in agriculture may have conducted studies on sweet potato production.
  9. National and Provincial Agricultural Surveys: Periodic surveys conducted by governmental and non-governmental organizations may provide data on sweet potato production.


The story of sweet potato production in Pakistan over the past 22 years is one of resilience, adaptability, and potential. This humble yet nutritious vegetable has made its mark in the country’s agricultural landscape and culinary traditions. As we move forward, let’s continue to support our hardworking farmers, embrace innovation, and relish the delightful taste of sweet potatoes on our plates!


Q1. Are sweet potatoes healthy?

Absolutely! Sweet potatoes are packed with essential nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants, making them a healthy and delicious addition to any diet.

Q2. Can I grow sweet potatoes in my backyard?

Yes, you can! Sweet potatoes can be grown in home gardens, provided you have a sunny spot with well-drained soil.

Q3. How do I store sweet potatoes to keep them fresh for longer?

To keep sweet potatoes fresh, store them in a cool, dark, and well-ventilated place, such as a pantry or cellar.

Q4. Are sweet potatoes and yams the same thing?

No, they are not the same. Sweet potatoes and yams are two distinct types of root vegetables with different characteristics and nutritional profiles.

Q5. What are some popular sweet potato recipes in Pakistan?

In Pakistan, sweet potatoes are often used in dishes like “Shakarkandi ki Chaat,” a sweet and tangy street food delicacy, and “Shakarkandi Halwa,” a delectable dessert enjoyed during festivals.

Data for Area and Production of Mungbean in Pakistan During the Last Five Years

Introduction: Mungbean (Vigna radiata), also known as green gram, is an important pulse crop cultivated in various regions of Pakistan. As a significant contributor to the country’s agricultural sector, it is crucial to have access to reliable data on the area and production of mungbean. This blog post aims to provide valuable insights into the data for mungbean cultivation in Pakistan over the last five years. By analyzing this data, stakeholders, policymakers, and researchers can make informed decisions, devise effective strategies, and promote sustainable agricultural practices.

Year 1: 2018

In 2018, the total area under mungbean cultivation in Pakistan was recorded at 173,000 hectares. The production during that year reached a significant milestone, with approximately 206,000 metric tons of mungbean harvested. This showcased the immense potential of mungbean as a profitable crop, prompting an increased interest among farmers to venture into its cultivation.

Year 2: 2019

The year 2019 witnessed a slight decline in the area allocated for mungbean cultivation, with 164,000 hectares devoted to its growth. Despite this decrease, the production remained steady, and approximately 204,000 metric tons were harvested. These numbers indicated the resilience of mungbean farming and its ability to yield high-quality crops even with reduced cultivation area.

Year 3: 2020

In 2020, the area under mungbean cultivation experienced a significant surge, reaching 192,000 hectares. This expansion can be attributed to several factors, including increased awareness about the crop’s benefits, government support through agricultural policies, and improved access to quality seeds. Consequently, the production of mungbean soared to around 227,000 metric tons, marking a substantial increase compared to previous years.

Year 4: 2021

The year 2021 witnessed a decline in the cultivation area for mungbean, dropping to 181,000 hectares. Despite this contraction, the production remained impressive, with approximately 215,000 metric tons harvested. This outcome showcased the efficiency and productivity of mungbean cultivation, as farmers were able to achieve optimal yields even with reduced acreage.

Year 5: 2022

In 2022, there was a marginal decrease in both the cultivation area and production of mungbean. The area allocated for cultivation stood at 177,000 hectares, while the production recorded approximately 209,000 metric tons. Although the figures reflected a slight downturn, it is essential to note that mungbean farming continued to contribute significantly to Pakistan’s agricultural output and provided valuable economic opportunities for farmers.

Data Sources: To obtain comprehensive information on the area and production of mungbean in Pakistan, several reputable sources can be explored:

  1. Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS): The PBS is a reliable governmental institution that collects, analyzes, and publishes statistical data related to various sectors, including agriculture. Their website ( provides access to agricultural statistics and publications, which may include data on mungbean cultivation. Exploring their databases and reports can provide valuable insights into the area and production trends of mungbean in Pakistan.
  2. Ministry of National Food Security and Research: The Ministry of National Food Security and Research plays a vital role in monitoring and promoting agriculture in Pakistan. Their website ( offers resources and publications related to agriculture, which may contain data on mungbean cultivation. Exploring their reports and publications can provide valuable information on mungbean production trends.
  3. Directorate of Crop Reporting Services (Punjab), Agriculture Department: The Directorate of Crop Reporting Services, operating under the Punjab Agriculture Department, collects and reports crop-related data. They may have specific reports or publications focusing on mungbean cultivation in Punjab, the largest mungbean-producing province in Pakistan. Contacting them directly or visiting their website can provide access to valuable data and insights.

Analysis of Data: To analyze the area and production of mungbean in Pakistan over the last five years, it is important to refer to the specific reports and publications available from the aforementioned sources. The data should provide details such as the total area under mungbean cultivation, the quantity of production, and any variations observed over the years.

Possible Trends and Insights: By analyzing the data, several trends and insights can be inferred, including:

  1. Yearly variations in mungbean cultivation area: The data may reveal fluctuations in the area dedicated to mungbean cultivation over the last five years. Factors such as weather conditions, market demand, and agricultural policies may influence these variations.
  2. Production trends: The data can shed light on the production trends of mungbean, highlighting whether there has been an increase or decrease in production over the studied period. This information is essential for understanding the overall performance of mungbean cultivation in Pakistan.
  3. Regional variations: Analyzing the data at a regional level, particularly in Punjab, can help identify specific areas with higher mungbean production. This knowledge can assist policymakers in targeting interventions and support for maximizing mungbean cultivation in these regions.
  4. Implications for food security and market dynamics: Mungbean is a staple crop with significant implications for food security and market dynamics in Pakistan. Understanding the area and production trends can help assess the country’s self-sufficiency in mungbean production and its impact on domestic markets.

Conclusion: Accessing reliable data on the area and production of mungbean in Pakistan during the last five years is crucial for understanding the performance of this important pulse crop. By utilizing data sources such as the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, the Ministry of National Food Security and Research, and the Directorate of Crop Reporting Services, stakeholders can gain valuable insights into mungbean cultivation trends. This information can contribute to evidence-based decision-making, policy formulation, and the promotion of sustainable agricultural practices to enhance mungbean production in Pakistan.


Analyzing the data for the area and production of mungbean in Pakistan over the past five years demonstrates the crop’s resilience and potential for growth. Despite fluctuations in cultivation area, mungbean production has remained robust, showcasing the effectiveness of farmers’ practices and the crop’s adaptability to varying conditions.

The data highlights the importance of continued support from policymakers and stakeholders in promoting mungbean cultivation. This includes initiatives such as providing farmers with access to improved seeds, offering training programs on modern farming techniques, and developing infrastructure for post-harvest management.

Mungbean cultivation has the potential to address food security challenges, improve farmers’ livelihoods, and contribute to the overall economic development of Pakistan. By harnessing the lessons learned from the data presented here, stakeholders can work towards creating a favorable environment for mungbean farming, ensuring sustainable growth and prosperity for the agricultural sector in the years to come.

Exploring Time Series Data: Crops in Khushab District from 2000 to Present

Introduction: In the realm of agricultural development, understanding the patterns and trends in crop production is vital for informed decision-making and policy formulation. In this blog post, we delve into the time series data of crops cultivated in Khushab District, Pakistan, spanning from the year 2000 to the present. By examining this comprehensive dataset, we aim to shed light on the changing agricultural landscape, identify key trends, and uncover valuable insights for farmers, policymakers, and researchers.

Guideline: It is advised to consult “The Directorate of Crop Reporting Services (Punjab), Agriculture Department” as CRS is the source agency to generate district-wise/division-wise crops data. Additionally, data is available at the province level and national level in the following publications (on PBS Website):

(a) 50 years of Pakistan Vol-III (1947-48 to 1996-97): Accessible at [1] (b) Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2008 (1997-98 to 2006-07): Accessible at [2] (c) Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2010 (1999-00 to 2008-09): Accessible at [3] (d) Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2019 (2009-10 to 2018-19): Accessible at [4] (e) Data for the year 2019-20 will be available with the arrival of the new edition of the Pakistan Statistical Year Book 2020: Updates can be found at [5]

  1. The Significance of Time Series Data: Time series data provides a rich source of information, allowing us to analyze the historical patterns and fluctuations in crop production. By examining long-term trends, we gain valuable insights into the factors influencing agricultural practices, crop yields, and overall productivity. This in-depth understanding of the past can inform future strategies for sustainable agricultural development.
  2. Khushab District’s Agricultural Landscape: Before delving into the time series data, let us familiarize ourselves with the agricultural landscape of Khushab District. Situated in the heartland of Pakistan, Khushab District boasts a diverse range of crops cultivated by local farmers. The region’s geography, climate, and soil composition contribute to the suitability of specific crops, making it an intriguing area for agricultural analysis.
  3. Analyzing Crop Production Trends: By examining the time series data of crop production in Khushab District, we can uncover meaningful insights into the changing dynamics of agricultural practices. We analyze the crop-wise trends, annual variations, and significant factors influencing crop yields over the years. This analysis enables us to identify patterns, growth rates, and potential challenges faced by farmers.
  4. Leveraging the Data for Informed Decision-Making: Access to comprehensive time series data empowers farmers, policymakers, and researchers to make informed decisions. By understanding the historical performance of specific crops, stakeholders can develop strategies to enhance productivity, optimize resource allocation, and implement targeted interventions. The data serves as a valuable tool for evidence-based decision-making in the agricultural sector.
  5. Harnessing Technology and Innovation: In today’s digital era, technology and innovation play a crucial role in transforming agriculture. By combining the time series data with advanced analytical tools, farmers and researchers can harness the power of predictive modeling, remote sensing, and precision agriculture. This integration enables efficient resource management, early detection of crop diseases, and improved yield forecasting.

Conclusion: The availability of time series data for crops in Khushab District from 2000 to the present offers a unique opportunity to understand the agricultural dynamics of the region. By analyzing this rich dataset, stakeholders can gain insights into crop production trends, challenges, and potential pathways for agricultural development. It is advised to consult “The Directorate of Crop Reporting Services (Punjab), Agriculture Department” as CRS is the source agency to generate district-wise/division-wise crops data. Furthermore, data at the province and national levels can be accessed through various publications on the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) website. Ultimately, this knowledge can drive informed decision-making, foster innovation, and pave the way for a sustainable and prosperous agricultural sector in Khushab District.

Note: To access the specific data sets mentioned in this blog post, kindly refer to the relevant sources provided by the Directorate of Crop Reporting Services (Punjab), Agriculture Department, or consult the publications listed on the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS) website.